Annals of Tropical Pathology

: 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29--32

Cytolytic vaginosis: A common yet underdiagnosed entity

Shailja Puri 
 SRL Diagnostics, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shailja Puri
SRL Limited, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

Objective: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of cytolytic vaginosis among patients undergoing cervicovaginal cytology for vaginal discharge, pruritus, dyspareunia, and other symptoms. Cytolytic vaginosis is also known as Lactobacillus overgrowth syndrome or Doderlein's cytolysis. It is characterized by an abundant growth of Lactobacilli resulting in lysis of vaginal epithelial cells. Methods: A total of 308 women presented to gynecological outpatient department. All of the patients were subjected to Pap test with the help of cytobrush. The cervicovaginal smears were fixed in methanol, stained with papanicolaou stain, and studied under a microscope independently by two pathologists. Results: Of 308 patients, 190 (61.7%) had an inflammatory lesion and were negative for intraepithelial malignancy. Of 190 cases, 31 (16.3%) were diagnosed with cytolytic vaginosis based on the clinical and morphological features. Conclusion: Cytolytic vaginosis is a fairly common entity often misdiagnosed as candidiasis. Morphological features play an important role in identifying cytolytic vaginosis. The results of this study may contribute to reports in the literature indicating the importance of cytolytic vaginosis which is not included in the current Bethesda system for reporting of cervical cytology.

How to cite this article:
Puri S. Cytolytic vaginosis: A common yet underdiagnosed entity.Ann Trop Pathol 2020;11:29-32

How to cite this URL:
Puri S. Cytolytic vaginosis: A common yet underdiagnosed entity. Ann Trop Pathol [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Oct 4 ];11:29-32
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