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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 127-129

Fungal osteomyelitis with avascular necrosis of femoral head in a known sickle cell anaemia patient

1 Department of Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
2 Department of Haematology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
MOA Samaila
Department of Pathology, A.B.U.T.H, Zaria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

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Fungal infection at the same site of an avascular necrosis (AVN) in sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a rarity even though the incidence of deep fungal infection in recent time has been steadily increasing in immune-compromised, chronically ill and debilitated persons. The prevalence of AVN in SCA is approximately 10% while the burden of sickle cell disease in sub-Saharan Africa is highest globally. We present a 17year old SCA female with an AVN of right femur head and a concurrent African histoplasmosis.

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